Indoor Basketball Courts- Elevate Your Skills And Thrive

indoor basketball courts

Indoor basketball courts are enclosed spaces specifically designed for playing basketball. These have a smooth hardware surface and marked lines to create a defined playing area. Their surface is specifically designed to reduce the shock, enhance traction, and improves ball response, resulting in improved performance.

Although these courts are difficult to install and expensive to maintain, they provide us with health benefits by burning our extra energy and staying active year-round.

History of Indoor Basketball Courts

The Basketball court has changed significantly since the first basketball court was introduced at Springfield YMCA by Dr. James Naismith in 1891, known as the YMCA basketball court.

Initially in the basketball history, there were no lines or boundaries on the court, and it was only half the size of the modern court. However, over the  years, the basketball court has evolved in the following way

  • In 1895, the court size was changed and it extended to its current length.
  • In 1899, boundaries were introduced to the court to confine the player’s actions.
  • In 1949, to further improve the game, the Free-throw lane was introduced.
  • In 1979, the Three-point line was introduced by NBA.

These transformations reflect the popularity and growth of this sport over time. 

Over time, factors such as weather disruption, safety concerns, and other distractions in open spaces like bugs, etc led to the transition from outdoor to indoor basketball courts.

This shift ensured year-round gameplay, reduced injuries caused by concrete surfaces, and provided a controlled environment for the players. How the indoor courts are different from outdoor basketball courts. Let’s have a look at some prominent distinguishing factors. 

Indoor VS Outdoor Basketball Courts

Indoor and outdoor basketball courts are different in terms of environment and court surface. Let’s do a quick comparison of both indoor and outdoor basketball courts. 


Indoor basketball courts are typically found in gyms or the sports arena while outdoor basketball courts are located in parks or community centers. Outdoor basketball courts are often exposed to wind, which can affect shot accuracy.

In contrast, indoor courts offer a controlled environment regulating temperature and light,  ensuring year-round gameplay unaffected by weather conditions. 

Further, the outdoor courts are spacious and provide more space for players to dribble and shoot, while indoor courts are confined by walls and ceilings.

The surface:

Indoor basketball courts have surfaces made of maple or wood. The maple is preferred because it offers more cushioning and doesn’t require frequent repairs as in the case of floors made of wood.

However, the only disadvantage is, we have to wear expensive shoes that have non-marking rubber soles to protect the court from damage.

Outdoor basketball courts, on the other hand, are made of inexpensive materials like concrete, asphalt, or even dirt. Although they provide good traction means which gives us a good grip while playing, they can become slippery if they get wet. 

The lighting:

In outdoor basketball courts, we can only play the game during daylight due to sunlight. However, for indoor courts, there is no such concern because consistent light is available at all times. So we can play the game in the late hours after sunset without any worries about having adequate light. 


With weather conditions and bugs, it’s challenging to play on outdoor basketball courts as compared to indoor where it’s a relatively less disturbed environment.  

Before discussing the benefits and how it enhances the player’s performance, we must elaborate on the basketball court dimensions.

Indoor Basketball Courts- The Dimensions

On the international level, the length of the basketball court is 28m(around 91.86 feet). However, for Club, Premier, and Community courts which have smaller spaces, the length can be reduced to 26m(85.30 feet). Apart from this, the NBA standard basketball court size is 94 feet. 

The width of an international-level basketball court, according to FIBA, is 15m(49.21ft), which can be reduced to not more than 1m i-e 14m(45.93ft) for local games. The NBA standard width is 50 feet.

According to FIBA rules, the total area of a professional basketball court is 420 square meters, with the minimum allowed area of 364 square meters. These measurements apply to both indoor and outdoor basketball courts.

When we consider the additional space required for run-offs(the area around the court) of 2.05 meters and the space needed for officials and teams on the sidelines of 2 meters, this increases the total area to 677.31 square meters.

The legendary YMCA basketball courts are generally full-sized, with two or four hoops spread across the court. They have shiny wooden floors, and the walls are brightly colored.

The YMCA basketball court design is different from other courts with prevalent yellow, blue, cream, and white as common colors. After discussing the basketball court dimensions, now comes to the installation guidelines.

Indoor Basketball Courts- Installation Guidelines

If you’re going to install an indoor court, then you must keep in mind the following points before installation.

Deciding on the full or half court

This depends upon the space available for you, If you’re intending to install it for residential purposes, then a half-court is suitable. Additionally, you can customize it according to your personal preferences with logos and colors. However, you can install a full court in a sports arena as they have spacious space. 

Construct a multi-level court

For sports arenas or gyms, we recommend creating a multi-level court, that offers players of different ages and skills to improve their game on the court. Moreover, It will transform the basketball court into a comfortable lounge.

Ceiling height

The ceiling height is a considerable factor when installing an indoor basketball court. The hoop is required to adjust at the standard height for playing basketball like in the NBA. 

Choosing the flooring surface

The next crucial step is to choose the indoor court surface, ensuring it’s not slippery. Maple flooring is the popular choice due to its shock-absorbent quality and durability.

However, if you opt for a wood floor, then it’s important to remember that they wear out and require often repairs. Another choice is the cement which you can make smooth by adding an epoxy finish. 

Making the court soundproof

For creating a more pleasant and comfortable space for everyone, we need to make the space soundproof, because with bouncing balls, buzzers, and boards, basketball is a noisy game.

Since indoor courts are expensive to construct, so we have to maintain them to prevent costly repairs or defects.

How to Maintain the Basketball Court

  • First and foremost, make sure to protect the floor of the court according to the respective manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Don’t use household cleaning products for cleaning the floor. The floor may get slippery or sticky, which can be unsafe for players. 
  • Clean the floor daily with a suitable dust mop. Use a floor cleaner that is compatible with the floor finish.
  • If you found any spill or moisture, immediately dry the floor to prevent it from damage.
  • The ventilation system should never be shut down for an extended period. Further, the air-conditioning and the heating system should always function properly to keep the humidity level as instructed by the manufacturer.
  • For any temporary markings on the floor, never apply any tape directly on the floor’s surface. These can damage the floor, instead, you can use a light-colored tempera paint that is easy to wash.

Famous Indoor Basketball Courts Around the World

It’s quite common to play basketball both indoors or on outdoor courts. You can easily search for basketball courts near me, to find the best ones close to your residence.  However, playing basketball on certain iconic courts provides a unique experience.

We have highlighted some indoor courts, which are worldwide famous for their creativity. Let’s appreciate the exceptional level of ingenuity that sets these courts apart from others.

Grand Palais Basketball Court- Paris

The Grand Palais in Paris is a historical site that was built in 1900 and is used as an exhibition hall and museum. Nike has constructed this basketball court in this oldest spot, designed to meet NBA standards. This court features wooden floors and detachable scoring boards.

Just Do It HQ- Chicago

This basketball court is constructed inside the Church of Epiphany, which is a historical building dating back to 1885. This modern facility is again built by Nike in recognition of Chicago’s deep connection with basketball.

Further, this court serves as a cultural hub and includes facilities like full change rooms and a gym. In addition, it conducts youth training programs and interactive workshops with professional players.  

Basketball Hall of Fame- Chicago

You can find this incredible basketball court inside the Basketball Hall of Fame, which is situated in Springfield, Massachusetts. This place is considered as the birthplace of basketball. This is a must-visit place for any passionate basketball fan.

The area of this court is 80,000 square feet and cost $45 million. In addition to the full-size center court, the hall also features three theaters, a subway restaurant, and a wide exhibition of basketball memorabilia and artifacts.

House of Mamba- Shanghai, China

This basketball court is the first of its kind in the world due to its unique features. It depicts the future basketball court design.

It features full-sized LED screens throughout the entire court. During the game, the players wear special armbands. These band not only track their movements but also make the LED screens react accordingly.

Additionally, we can also use these screens to run training drills during practice. These also provide visual clues to the players such as where they should run on the court or should position themselves for scoring a sure goal.

Glow In The Dark Court-Germany

Like the House of Mamba, this court has a futuristic look with its LED lights on the floor. Its floor is made of reinforced glass panels with embedded lighting elements, which makes the surface function like a large screen.

What’s truly amazing is that we can adjust the lights that make lines on the floor for other games like volleyball, transforming the court into a versatile arena to serve multi-purposes.

Reasons Why People Prefer Indoor Basketball Courts

Indoor basketball courts offer significant benefits. So let’s jump to what they are:

Controlled environment:

First, they provide a controlled environment, shielding the game from external factors like wind and rain that could disrupt play. 

This ensures matches can be played as scheduled, unaffected by weather conditions. In addition, the consistent lighting conditions and controlled temperature also enhance comfortable playing.


Secondly, the hardware surface of indoor courts is very consistent and uniform, which facilitates a higher ball bounce rate and provides increased traction, This allows players to execute precise dribbling, passing, and shots.


Indoor basketball courts have better equipment including basketballs,  backboards, scoreboards, and sound systems to make the game more enjoyable for players.


As indoor courts are located in sports arenas, therefore, it’s very accessible for everyone to play basketball without any concern about bad weather or playing after sunset.

Frequently Asked Questions

The court size according to NBA standards, is 90 by 50 feet, while under International Basketball Federation(FIBA), the court size is somewhat smaller.

The outdoor basketball courts provide the needed traction only when they are not slippery. Usually, they become slippery after getting wet. You can fix this problem with a non-slip sports paint coating, which helps prevent slipperiness.

Mostly, you can find YMCA basketball courts in YMCA gyms but it is not guaranteed that all YMCA gyms have this facility.

You can find the best NBA basketball courts near me in the following states.

  1. Rucker Park, Harlem. New York.
  2. United Center, Chicago.
  3. TD Garden, Boston.
  4. Venice Beach and Staples Center, Los Angeles.
  5. Oracle Arena, Oakland.
  6. 16th and Susquehanna( North Philadelphia)

Here are some of the top NBA basketball courts near me in N.Y.

  1. Rucker Park, Harlem.
  2. Madison Square Garden, Manhattan. N.Y.
  3. The Cage, Manhattan, New York.

Wrap Up

Indoor basketball is an exciting sport to play. Indoor public basketball courts attract a large crowd who come to watch their favorite players or teams. These public basketball courts not only create a lively atmosphere but also generates revenue for the communities. However, these indoor basketball courts are expensive to build and they require regular maintenance for longevity.

Their biggest edge over outdoor basketball courts is they provide a controlled environment, with high ceilings and proper lighting. They offer year-round games unaffected by any weather element. 

Additionally, indoor courts are more suitable for beginners as the shot are not affected by wind, and movements are easier to predict. Most importantly, they are beneficial during cold weather, when outdoor courts may have slippery surfaces due to snow or standing water, which can cause injuries to athletes.

Overall, in a community, the indoor basketball courts serve as more than just a place to play. They are a source of connecting people, where people meet each other, especially newcomers in the community.   

For players, they provide an enjoyable and safe place to perform their best. Further, it also encourages socializing, creating a sense of community among the athletes. You can research further here.